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Wraparound Planning / System of Care and Person-centered Planning

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Anderson, C. M., Bahl, A. B., & Kincaid, D. W. (1999). A person-centered approach to providing support to an adolescent with a history of parental abuse. In J. R. Scotti, & L. H. Meyer (Eds.), Behavioral intervention: Principles, models and practices(pp. 385-396). Baltimore: Brookes.


  • Blue-Banning, M., Turnbull, A. P., & Pereira, L. (2000). Group action planning as a support strategy for Hispanic families: Parent and professional perspectives. Mental Retardation, 38, 262-275.

  • Blue-Banning, M., Turnbull, A. P., & Pereira, L. (2002). Hispanic youth/young adults with disabilities: Parents' visions for the future. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 27(3), 204-219.

  • Bruns, E. J., Suter, J. C., Force, M. M., & Burchard, J. D. (2005). Adherence to wraparound principles and association with outcomes. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 14, 521-534.

  • Bruns, E. J., Suter, J. C., & Leverentz-Brady, K. M. (2008). Is it wraparound yet? Setting quality standards for implementation of the wraparound process. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 35, 240-252.

  • Bui, Y. N., & Turnbull, A. P. (2003). East meets west: Analysis of person-centered planning in the context of Asian American values. Education and Training and Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 38(1), 18-31.

  • Burchard, J. D., Bruns, E. J. & Burchard, S. N. (2002). The wraparound approach. In B. Burns & K. Hoagwood (Eds.), Community treatment for youth: Evidence-based interventions for severe emotional and behavioral disorders (pp. 69-90). New York: Oxford University Press.

  • Burns, B. J., & Goldman, S. K. (1999). Promising practices in wraparound for children with serious emotional disturbance and their families. Systems of care: Promising practices in children's mental health, 1998 series, Volume IV. Washington DC: Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice, American Institutes for Research.


  • Claes, C., Han Hove, G., Vandevelde, S., Van Loon, J.,& Schalock, R. L. (2010). Person-centered planning: Analysis of research and effectiveness. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 48(6), 432-553.

  • Clark, H. B., & Hieneman, M. (1999). Comparing the wraparound process to positive behavioral support: What we can learn. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 1, 183-186.

  • Cox, K., Baker, D., & Wong, M. A. (2010). Wraparound retrospective: Factors predicting positive outcomes. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 18(1), 3-13. DOI: 10.1177/1063426609336955


  • Eber, L. (2003). The art and science of wraparound: Completing the continuum of schoolwide behavioral support. Bloomington, IN: Forum on Education at Indiana University.

  • Eber, L. (2005). The wraparound process. In M. Hersen, G. Sugai, & R. H. Horner (Eds.), Educational applications of the encyclopedia of behavior modification and cognitive behavior therapy, Volume 3. Thousand Oakes, CA: Sage.

  • Eber, L., Breen, K., Rose, J., Unizycki, R. M., & London, T. H. (2008). Wraparound as a tertiary level intervention for students with emotional/behavioral needs. Teaching Exceptional Children, 40(6), 16-22.

  • Eber, L., & Keenan, S. (2004). Collaboration with other agencies: Wraparound and systems of care for children and youths with emotional and behavioral disorders. In R. B. Rutherford, M. M. Quinn, & R. Sathur (Eds.). Handbook of research in emotional and behavioral disorders (pp. 503-516). New York: Guilford Press.

  • Eber, L. & Nelson, C. M. (1997). Integrating services for students with emotional and behavioral needs through school-based wraparound planning. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. 67(3), (pp. 385-395).

  • Eber, L., Nelson, C. M., & Miles, P. (1997). School-based wraparound for students with emotional and behavioral challenges. Exceptional Children, 63, 539-555.

  • Eber, L., Osuch, R., & Redditt, C. A. (1996). School-based applications of the wraparound process: Early results on service provision and student outcomes. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 5, 83-99.

  • Eber, L., Sugai, G., Smith, C., & Scott, T. M. (2002). Wraparound and positive behavioral interventions and supports in the schools. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders. 10(3), 171-180.


  • Flannery, B. K., Newton, S., Horner, R., Slovic, R., Blumberg, R., & Ard, W. (2000). The impact of person centered planning on the content and organization of individual supports. Career Development of Exceptional Individuals, 23(2), 123-137.

  • Friesen, B. J., & Stephens, B. (1998). Expanding family roles in the system of care. In M. H. Epstein, K. Kutash, & A. Duchnowski (Eds.), Outcomes for children and youth with behavioral and emotional disorders and their families (pp. 231-260). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed

  • Furman, R. (1997). Wrap-around services: A comprehensive approach to adolescent mental health services. Advocate's Forum, 4, 8-9.


  • Hagner, J., Helm, D., & Butterworth, J. (1996). "This is your meeting": A qualitative study of person-centered planning. Mental Retardation, 34, 159-171.

  • Holburn, S. (2002). How science can evaluate and enhance person-centered planning. Research & Practice for Persons with severe Disabilities, 27(4), 250-260.

  • Holburn, S., Jacobson, J. W., Schwartz, A. A., Flory, M. J., & Vietze,, P. M. (2004). The Willowbrook Futures Project: A Longitudinal Analysis of Person-Centered Planning. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 109(1), 63-76.

  • Holburn, S., Jacobson, J. W., Vietze, P. M. (2000). Quantifying the process and outcomes of person-centered planning. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 105, 402-416.

  • Holburn, S., & Vietze, P. (1999). Acknowledging barriers to adopting person-centered planning. Mental Retardation, 37, 117-124.

  • Holburn, S. & Vietze, P. M. (2002). Person centered planning: Research, practice, and future directions. Baltimore: Brookes.

  • Hughes, C., Hwang, B., Kim, J. H., Eisenman, L. T., & Killian, D. J. (1995). Quality of life in applied research: A review and analysis of empirical measures. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 99, 623-641.

  • Hyman, M. (2009). Standing at sinai with autism: A young man's bar mitzvah journey. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 11(3), 186-192. doi:10.1177/1098300708329012


  • Keith, K. D., & Schalock, R. L. (1995). The measurement of quality of life in adolescence: The quality of life student questionnaire. The American Journal of Family Therapy, 22(1), 83-87.

  • Kennedy, C. H., Long, T., Jolivette, K., Cox, J., Tang, J. & Thompson, T. (2001) Facilitating general education participation students with behavior problems by linking positive behavior supports and person-centered planning. Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 9, 161-171.

  • Kim, K., & Turnbull, A. (2004). Transition to adulthood for students with severe disabilities: Shifting toward person-family interdependent planning. Research & Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 29(1), 53-57.

  • Kincaid, D. (1996). Person-centered planning. In L. Koegel, R. Koegel, & G. Dunlap (Eds.), Positive behavioral support: Including people with difficult behavior in the community (pp. 439-465). Baltimore: Brookes.

  • Kincaid, D. & Fox, L. (2002). Person centered planning and positive behavior support. In S. Holburn & P. M. Vietze (Eds.), Person centered planning: Research, practice, and future directions (pp. 29 50). Baltimore: Brookes.


Lachapelle, Y., Wehmeyer, M. L., Haelewyck, M. C., Courbois, Y., Keith, K. D., Schalock, R., Verdugo, M. A., & Walsh, P. N. (2005). The relationship between quality of life and self-determination: An international study. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49, 740-744.


  • Magito McLaughlin, D., Spinosa, T. R., and Marsalis, M. (2002). Overcoming the barriers: Moving toward a service model conducive to person centered planning. In Holburn, S. and Veitz, P. (Eds.), Research and Practice in Person-Centered Planning (pp. 127-150). Baltimore: Brookes.

  • Meyer, L. H., & Evans, I. M. (1989). Nonaversive intervention for behavior problems. Baltimore: Brookes.

  • Morningstar, M., Turnbull, A. P., & Turnbull, H. R. (1996). What do students with disabilities tell us about the importance of family involvement in the transition from school to adult life. Exceptional Children, 62(3), 249-260.

  • Mount, B. (1994). Benefits and limitations of personal futures planning. In V. Bradley, J. Ashbaugh, & B. Blaney (Eds.), Creating individual supports for people with developmental disabilities: A mandate for change (pp. 97-108). Baltimore: Brookes.

  • Mount, B., Beeman, P., & Ducharme, G. (1991). What are we learning from circles of support? Manchester, CT: Communitas.

  • Mount, B., Ducharme, G., & Beeman, P. (1991). Person-centered development: A journey in learning to listen to people with disabilities. Manchester, CT: Communitas.


  • O’Brien, J. (1987). A guide to lifestyle planning: Using the Activities catalog to integrate services and natural support systems. In B. Wilcox & G. T. Bellamy (Eds.), The activities catalog: An alternative curriculum design for youth and adults with severe disabilities (pp. 104-110). Baltimore: Brookes.

  • O’Brien, J., & Lovett, H. (1993). Finding a way toward everyday lives: The contribution of person-centered planning. Harrisburg PA: Pennsylvania Office of Mental Retardation.

  • Openden, D. (2004). Review of no pity: People with disabilities forging a new civil rights movement. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 6(1), 51-54. doi:10.1177/10983007040060010701


  • Parley, F. F. (2001). Person-centered outcomes. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 5, 299-308.

  • Pearpoint, J., Forest, M., & O’Brien, J. (1996). MAPs, Circle of Friends, and PATH: Powerful tools to help build caring communities. In S. Stainback & S. Stainback (Eds.), Inclusion: A guide for educators (pp.67-86). Baltimore: Brookes.


  • Reid, D. H., Everson, J. M., Green, C. W. (1999). A systematic evaluation of preferences identified through person-centered planning for people with profound multiple disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 32, 467-477.

  • Reid, D. H., & Green, C. W. (2002). Person-centered planning with people who have severe multiple disabilities: Validated practices and misapplications. In S. Holburn & P. M. Vietze (Eds.), Person-centered planning: Research, practice, and future directions (pp. 97-126). Baltimore: Brookes.

  • Risley, T. R. (1996). Get a life! In L. K. Koegel, R. L. Koegel, & G. Dunlap (Eds.), Positive behavioral support: Including people with difficult behavior in the community (pp. 425-437). Baltimore: Brookes.

  • Robertson, J., Emerson, E. Hatton, C., Elliott, J., McIntosh, B., Swift, P., Krinjen-Kemp, E., Towers, C., Romeo, R., Knapp, M., Sanderson, H., Routledge, M., Oakes, P. & Joyce, T. (2006). Longitudinal analysis of the impact and cost of person-centered planning for people with intellectual disabilities in England. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 111(6), 400-416.


  • Sailor, W. (2009). In memoriam: Ursula Arceneaux Markey. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 11(4), 197-197. doi:10.1177/1098300709347108

  • Schalock, R.(Ed.). (1996). Quality of life: Vol. I. Conceptualization and measurement. Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation.

  • Schalock, R. L. (Ed). (1996). Quality of life: Perspectives and issues. Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation.

  • Schalock, R. L. & Keith, K. D. (1993). Quality of life questionnaire. Worthington, OH: IDS Publishing Corporation.

  • Scott, T., & Eber, L. (2003) Functional assessment and wraparound as systemic school processes: Primary, secondary, and tertiary systems examples. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 5(3), 131-143.

  • Smull, M. W., & Harrison, S. B. (1992). Supporting people with severe retardation in the community. Alexandria, VA: National Association of State Mental Retardation Program Directors.


  • Turnbull, A. P., Friesen, B. J., & Ramirez, C. (1998). Participatory action research as a model of conducting family research. Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 23(3), 19-26.

  • Turnbull, A. P., Turbiville, V., Schaffer, R., & Scaffer, V. (1996). "Getting a shot at life" through Group Action Planning. Zero to Three, 16(6), 33-40.

  • Turnbull, A. P., & Turnbull, R. (1996). Group action planning as a strategy for providing comprehensive family support. In L. K. Koegel, R. L. Koegel, & G. Dunlap (Eds.), Positive behavioral support: Including people with difficult behavior in the community (pp. 99-114). Baltimore: Brookes.

  • Turnbull, A. P., & Turnbull H. R. (1999). Comprehensive lifestyle support for adults with challenging behavior: From rhetoric to reality. Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, 34(4), 373-394.

  • Turnbull, A. P. & Turnbull, H. R. (2000). Achieving "rich" lifestyles. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 2(3), 190-192.

  • Turnbull, A. P., Zuna, N., Turnbull, R., Poston, D., & Summers, J. A. (2007). Families as partners in educational decision-making: Current implementation and future directions. In S. Odom, R. Horner, M. Snell, & J. Blacher (Eds.). Handbook of developmental disabilities (pp. 570-590). New York: Guilford Publications.


  • VanDenBerg, J., (1998). History of the wraparound process. In B. J. Burn & S. K. Goldman (Eds.), Promising practices in wraparound for children with serious emotional disturbance and their families: Vol. IV (pp. 1-8). Washington DC: Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice, American Institute for Research.

  • VanDenBerg, J. E., & Grealish, E. M. (1996). Individualized services and supports through the wraparound process: Philosophy and procedures. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 5, 7-21.

  • Vandercook, T., York, J., & Forest, M. (1989). The McGill action planning system (MAPS): A strategy for building the vision. Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 14(3), 205-215.


  • Wehmeyer, M. L., & Schalock, R. (2001). Self-determination and quality of life: Implications for special education services and supports. Focus on Exceptional Children, 33(8), 1-16

  • Whitney-Thomas, J., Shaw, D., Honey, K., & Butterworth, J. (1998). Building a future: A study of student participation in person-centered planning. Journal of the Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, 23, 119-133.